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Sightseeing In Khiva

     Khiva is a real open-air Museum, one of the most ancient cities of Uzbekistan, its age is more than 2500 years.
Khiva has a very interesting structure-a city within a city, that is, the old city of Ichan-Kala, surrounded by powerful high defensive walls, inside of which there is all the beauty of history, expressed by the sights of the middle ages and the outer city-Dashan-Kala.
There is a legend that Khiva was built by the son of Noah from the Bible around a well and this well is located in Ichan-Kala to this day, among the incredible height of minarets and striking beauty of madrassas.



 

Itchan-Kala

  Itchan-Kala is a historical, walled inner part of the city of Khiva in Uzbekistan, which is more than 2,500 years old. In 1990, it was added to the UNESCO world heritage list, and now it is under special protection.

The length of the internal defensive structure is more than two kilometers, the thickness of the walls is 5-6 meters, and the height is 8-10 meters. The structure is fortified with massive towers.

The outer and inner defensive walls of Khiva are built of adobe (bricks made of clay soil with straw added), with protruding towers every 30 meters. Previously, there were ditches filled with water in front of the Ichan-Kala fortress, but now there is almost nothing left of them. With regard to the external appearance of the fortress Ichan-Kala, it has survived virtually intact, even down to the gate: North — Bagchi-Darwaza, the southern — Tash-Darvaza, the Eastern — Palvan-Darvaz and Western — Ata-Darvaza. But only the gates remained of the external defensive structure of Dishan-Kala. The top of the fortress is notched, with narrow embrasures. Above the gates were special viewing galleries and small towers from which it was possible to reflect the enemy's attack. Tourists who have visited Ichan-Kale, say that it will take at least two days to slowly see all the sights and walk through the narrow streets of the ancient city of Khiva.


   Citadel Kunya-Ark

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The Kunya-Ark Citadel is considered the oldest surviving residence of the Khiva khans. It was built at the end of the 17th century. According to scientists, the Kunya-Ark citadel was erected on the ruins of former structures. The fact is that during archaeological excavations coins and fragments of ceramics dating back to an earlier period were found. Kunya-Ark is a kind of "fortress within a fortress": it is located inside Itchan-Kala, the historical center of Khiva. More...

   Mausoleum of Makhmud Pakhlavan

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The inner city of Khiva is rich in architectural masterpieces. Against their background, the turquoise dome of the Pahlavan Mahmud mausoleum rises. This tomb is only part of a large memorial complex. The architectural ensemble also includes a mosque, a small madrasa, a Sufi monastery (khanaka), dormitories for the blind and the tomb of Isfandiyar Khan. More...

   Tash-Khovli Palace

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The Tash-Khovli Palace (1830-1838) is located in the Eastern part of Ichan-Kala in Khiva. It is a sample of the greatness and power of the construction of buildings of those times in the Khorezm style. Tash-Khovli Palace is a Palace complex in Khiva (Uzbekistan), the main Palace of Khiva khans. It consists of three parts: Family courtyard - the khan himself lived here and housed his harem; Ishrat-Khauli (the eastern part of the palace) mehmonkhona - ceremonial rooms where receptions and ceremonies were held; More...

    Minaret Kalta-Minor

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Kalta-minor Minaret was conceived by the Khan of the Khiva khanate, Muhammad Amin Khan, as the largest and tallest in the Muslim world. According to his plan, the height of the minaret was supposed to be 70-80 meters, with the diameter sharply decreasing with the height, which would make the minaret more durable. The diameter of its base is 14.2 meters. Construction began in 1852, and in 1855, when the height of the minaret reached 29 meters, construction was suddenly stopped. More...

   Complex Islam Khoja 

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One of the most notable buildings of the ancient part of Khiva is the minaret and madrasah, which are part of the complex of buildings of Islam-Khoja. The complex resembles the architecture of the XI–XIV century, although it was built a little more than a century ago, at the end of the first decade of the XX century. According to the clever idea of the architect, the attractiveness of the buildings creates an unprecedented contrast: the most elevated minaret of the city is located next to a miniature madrasah. More...

    Djuma Mosque 

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Djuma Mosque - which means “Friday Mosque” (in honor of the day of special prayer) - the most significant prayer building of ancient Khiva, occupying an honorable position in the center of Ichan-Kala. Unlike traditional architecture, the building is deprived of domed ceilings, arches and visually highlighted portals at the entrance. This is a one-story building with a powerful wall, in which three entrance apertures are made. This is explained by the fact that Abdurakhman Mikhtar, an approximate dignitary of the Khiva ruler,  More...

    Khoja Islam Mosque

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Islam Khoja was the chief vizier of the khanate of Khiva under Muhammad Rahim Khan II (1863-1910) and his son Asfendiyar Khan (1910-1920). At his expense, a cotton gin factory, a hospital, a pharmacy, a post office, a Telegraph office, and a secular school were built in Khiva. In 1908-1910, Islam-Khoja built an ensemble in the South-East of Itchan-Kala, consisting of the smallest madrasah and the highest minaret of Khiva, which dates back to the ancient minarets of the XI-XII centuries. More...

    Madrasah Allakuli Khan

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The Allakuli Khan Madrasah, along with the adjacent caravanserai of Alla Kuli Khan, is part of the complex of historical and architectural monuments of Itchan-Kala in the city of Khiva in Uzbekistan, which is a Museum of buildings of the XIV century under the open sky.The architecture of Allakuli Khan Madrasah is considered one of the most magnificent and beautiful buildings of the time in the city. The courtyard of the Allakuli Khan Madrasah in Khiva is slightly different from the More...

    Sayid Allauddin Mausoleum

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The Sayid Allauddin Mausoleum is one of the oldest buildings in Khiva. The building of the mausoleum is adjacent to the walls of the Matniyaz Divan-Begi madrasa on the Eastern side and is an interesting object to visit while walking around the old city. The mausoleum of said Allauddin, along with other ancient buildings of Khiva, is included in the list of UNESCO world heritage sites. The architecture of the mausoleum of said Allauddin is very interesting: almost all the elements of the building (stepped tromps, domes, walls) More...

    Madrasah Muhammad Amin-khan 

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"This beautiful building will stand forever for the joy of posterity." The Arabic inscription decorating the 25-meter portal of Muhammad Amin Khan Madrasah is roughly translated into Russian. As time has shown, the phrase was prophetic. One and a half meter walls of burnt brick construction have survived to our days almost in its original form. But they do not attract the attention of many tourists. The large dimensions of the former educational institution are to blame - More...

    Madrasah Muhammad Rahim-khan

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Muhammad Rahim-khan Madrasah is part of the complex of attractions of the ancient city of Itchan Kala in Khiva. One of the most famous and large-scale Khiva madrassas was built by Muhammad Rahim Khan near the Kunya-Ark citadel in the last quarter of the 19th century. The Khan became famous as an enlightened ruler who patronized the people of science and poets. The building of the Muhammad Rahim Khan madrasa in Khiva is a two-story building, with a high entrance portal to its territory leading to a four-Bay courtyard. More...

    Nurullabay Palace 

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The summer residence of Nurullabai Khan of Khiva was built in the period from 1906 to 1912. The Palace is located in the outer city of Khiva, Dishan-Kale, and a ticket from Itchan-Kala is enough to visit it. The Palace impresses with its splendor and is very different from other palaces built by the khans in different periods, it looks more like the residence of a European monarch in the art Nouveau style. The palace was built by the wealthy merchant Nurullabai and donated to the Khiva khan, but on condition that the name of the palace is  More...

    Madrasah Abdullahan 

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The Abdullahan Madrasah was built in 1855 at the behest of the wife of Kutlug Khan - Murad - Inak in honor of their son Abdullah, who was killed at the age of 17 in a battle with the Turkmens. On the main facade there is a portal with an octagonal niche flanked by deaf lancet arcades. Seen from above at the madrasah, it is a rectangle with corner towers, stretched from east to west. There are two entrances to the madrasah. Khujras with arches  are located end to the courtyard facades. More...

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Sightseeing In Tashkent

Mosque  Tillya Sheikh                            

Ensemble  Hast-Imam  

Barak-Khan                                            

Abubakr Kaffal-Shashi 

Madrassah Kukeldash                              

Tashkent TV tower

Bazar  Chorsu                

Independence Square 

Square  Amir Temur                               

Museum of Victims of Political Repression

Monument  Courage                                 

Museum of  Applied Art 

Monument  Amir Temur 

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Sightseeing in Samarkand

Registan                                                 

Mirzo Ulugbek madrassah 

Madrasah "Tilla-Kori                             

Sher - Dor madrasah 

Gur-Emir Mausoleum   

Complex Shakhi-Zinda 

Ulugbek Observatory                         

Mausoleum of  Daniel (Khoja Daniyar) 

Rukhabad mausoleum                             

Bibi Hanim 

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Sightseeing In Bukhara

Poi-Kalyan Ensemble                           

Abdulaziz-Khan Madrassah

Miri-Arab Madrasah                              

Trading domes of Bukhara

Ulughbeg Madrasah                             

Nadir Divan-Begi Ensemble

Magoki-Attori Mosque                       

Khoja Abdahadik Al Gijduvani

Lyabi-Khauz Ensemble                       

Chashma-Ayub Mausoleum

Kukeldash Madrassah                         

Samanids Mausoleum

Bolo-Khauz Complex                               

Ark Fortress

Kosh-Madrasah

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Sightseeing In Fergana Valley

Khudoyar-Khan                                 

Said Akhmad-Khoja Madrasah

Jami Mosque 

Madrasah of Kamol-Kaz

Norbut-biy Madrasah                         

Miyön-Hazrat Madrasah

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